The Diabetes and Technology for Increased Activity (DaTA) Study
Robert Petrella, MD, PhD, Principal Investigator - Aging, Rehabilitation and Geriatric Care Research Centre, Lawson Health Research Institute Claudio Munoz, MD, PhD, Co-Investigator and Director - Gateway Rural Health Research Institute Elizabeth Russell-Minda, MA, Research Coordinator - Aging, Rehabilitation and Geriatric Care Research Centre, Lawson Health Research Institute Emily Read, MSc candidate Kinesiology - University of Western Ontario Melanie Stuckey, PhD candidate, Kinesiology - University of Western Ontario Robyn Fulkerson, MBA, Director, Product Development - Sykes Assistance Services Corporation Peter Kleinstiver, PhD, President - Katalyst Health Technology Assessments Sandra Kleinstiver, ART - Katalyst Health Technology Assessments
Health care provision deficits, physician shortages and increasing levels of diabetes and other chronic diseases in rural communities have prompted researchers and policy makers to search for feasible solutions. Previous research has shown important connections between diabetes, and the development of diabetes (pre-diabetes and the metabolic syndrome) and the risk for developing varying types of cardiovascular complications (CVCs). Since the causes of pre-diabetes and metabolic syndrome for a majority of individuals are uncontrolled hypertension, poor diet, and insufficient physical activity, improvement in health status essentially requires lifestyle change.
Due to the high prevalence of prediabetes and metabolic syndrome in the overall population there is a high need to develop comprehensive efforts directed at behavioral change, controlling hypertension, improving nutrition and physical activity. Despite positive evidence that diabetes is preventable with simple lifestyle management change, its adoption and implementation has been disappointing, partly because success depends on changing habits and attitudes and access to a supportive environment (i.e., health promoters, facilities and equipment). In light of these findings, the research teams at the Lawson Health Research Institute and the Gateway Rural Health Research Institute have joined together to conduct an industry-linked pilot research study in rural Southwestern Ontario. This pilot falls within a larger multicentre international research initiative (ARTEMIS) which aims to determine and implement strategies to reduce the CVCs of type 2 diabetes across a continuum of populations and factors.